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Genioplasty (also known as mentoplasty) is a surgical procedure that involves reshaping the chin to achieve a more balanced and harmonious facial appearance.
This procedure can be performed through various methods such as osteotomy, grafting, or implant placement.
Genioplasty is often combined with other procedures such as jaw surgery or rhinoplasty as part of a profiloplasty, which aims to enhance the overall facial aesthetics.
The goal of genioplasty is to achieve a natural-looking and balanced chin that complements the other facial features.
Various types of anomalies can be seen. :
- Receding chin often accompanied by a hump on the nose.
- Asymmetrical chin, which is a deviation to the right or left.
- Protruding chin (raised upwards).
- Chin that is too high and makes the face appear smaller.
- Chin too low making the face appear too long.
During osteotomy, the surgeon cuts the chin below the teeth’s roots, allowing the bone fragment to move in the desired direction.
This bone fragment is fixed with screws or mini-plates.
Stitches are placed in the mouth and disappear within 2 to 4 weeks.
In some cases, correcting the chin defect may require a bone graft or an implant placed through an incision in the mouth.
Genioplasty is performed under general anesthesia and takes an average of 2 hours.
The pain is moderate and, if necessary, treated with analgesics and anti-inflammatories.
Bleeding from the mouth is frequent.
Slight hematomas and edemas that resolve in 3 weeks.
Food should be warm and soft for at least a week.
A 3-month period is necessary to have a good appreciation of the result. It is necessary to note that the final results will appear around 6 months.